The discomfort that accompanies a sunburn is familiar to almost everyone. Burning in the sun is easy enough without even visiting the beach. In spring, when the skin is sensitive to ultraviolet light after winter, problems may arise – redness, swelling, itching, headache, blistering, fever, dehydration. If you do not properly care for the burned area, infection is possible.
In the summer months, the query “how not to burn out in the sun at sea” is searched only 20 times, and the query “what to do if it burned out in the sun” – 1650 times. That is, in most cases, people do not try to prevent the problem. In this article we will analyze the question of how not to burn out at sea and what actions to take if this happens.
Tips on how not to burn out in the sun
The best recipe for sunburn treatment is prevention. Therefore, if you have to be in the sun for a long time, follow these simple guidelines:
- apply a special cream that prevents burns;
- at the beginning of a beach holiday, do not get carried away with tanning – start with 15-20 minutes, gradually increase the period of rest on the beach;
- in the summer, try not to go out into the sun during the day, in the period from 12-00 to 17-00 it is better to be indoors;
- choose clothes made from natural fabrics;
- wear a hat.
It is important! At the slightest symptoms of a sunburn, visit a doctor, qualified help will help avoid possible complications – dehydration, infection or intoxication.
Remember, frequent and prolonged sun exposure is not only a beautiful tan, but also serious problems. First of all, the skin begins to age faster. With frequent sunburn, the likelihood of developing skin cancer increases.
A few words about choosing sunscreen
In sunny weather, every person should use such a cream. The main thing is to find a product with the right sun protection factor. People with sensitive and white skin will need a cream with a maximum SPF 50. For swarthy people, you can use a cream with a protective factor of 15 to 25.
Interesting to know! A good food to help prevent sunburn is coconut oil. It protects against ultraviolet radiation, moisturizes and provides a beautiful, even tan.
Who is contraindicated to sunbathe
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation is dangerous for:
- pregnant women;
- children of the first year of life;
- old people;
- patients who are prescribed a course of therapy with drugs that increase the sensitivity of the skin – antidepressants, corticosteroids, some antibiotics;
- people with pathologies of blood vessels and heart, diseases of a neurological nature.
Burnt skin in the sun – what to do
Before using a specific therapy regimen, it is important to correctly assess the patient’s condition according to the following criteria:
- red, hot areas appear on the body;
- sensitivity increases;
- swelling, blistering;
Depending on the presence and intensity of the manifestation of signs of a sunburn, four degrees are distinguished:
- red areas and slight discomfort appear;
- blisters are formed, filled with liquid, the head hurts badly, the temperature rises;
- more than half of the skin surface is damaged, the structure of the dermis is disturbed;
- signs of dehydration appear, the work of internal organs is disrupted.
It is important! Burns of the first two degrees are easy enough to eliminate on their own, more severe conditions require specialized care in medical institutions.
What to do with a sunburn – emergency care if there is no fever
It is not always possible to prevent burns, the sun can cause quite serious harm. You need to know how to help, how to smear if burned out in the sun.
- Take a person to a shaded place, or even better – to cool.
- Assess the condition, if it causes concern, call an ambulance.
- Treat sun-affected areas with cool gauze (change fabric every ten minutes).
- It is advisable to help the person take a shower – always cool.
- Give the person water to drink.
- Treat the affected areas with pain relievers.
In pharmacies, there is a large selection of aerosols, gels that help eliminate the symptoms of burns and restore the structure of the dermis.
How to smear if burned out in the sun – a review of drugs, how to use
Does Panthenol help with sunburn? Perhaps it is this aerosol that is most popular for sunburn.
Restores the structure of the dera, relieves inflammation, redness. Panthenol helps even with sensitive skin.
Apply: three to five times a day.
2. Lavian (aerosol)
Quickly heals damaged areas.
Apply: once a day. The duration of treatment is seven days.
3. Elovera (cream)
Combined action drug:
- quickly heals wounds;
- protects the cell membrane from further damage.
Apply: three to five times daily
This is a strong antioxidant that protects cells and heals quickly. Prevents wound infection.
Apply: to fabric, apply a compress to a place that causes discomfort. The procedure is repeated twice daily.
5. Zinc ointment
Neutralizes inflammation, heals wounds, neutralizes dangerous microflora.
Apply: three times a day.
When you cannot get to the pharmacy, use other available medicines. Any aerosol or gel for sunburn can be
replaced with baby cream. Diaper rash cream works best. Cool napkins are applied on burns with a break of 20-30 minutes. If possible, do not touch the burned areas, wear loose-fitting clothing.
It is important! It is strictly forbidden to treat sunburns with oily creams, lotions, alcohol products, petroleum jelly. In this case, thermal damage increases.
Burnt out in the sun and the temperature rose – what to do
When a burn is accompanied by a fever, it indicates a high fever, and may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- nausea (in severe situations, accompanied by vomiting);
- a critical decrease in blood pressure;
An ambulance must be called if there is one nearby.
When a person is burned out in the sun, but the temperature is not more than +99.5°F, you can do the following:
- apply anti-burn drugs;
- Ibuprofen – pain medicine
- constantly apply wet, cool wipes;
- to eliminate discomfort, inflammation, fever, use Ibuprofen, Paracetamol or Nurofen;
- to eliminate redness, antihistamines are prescribed, for example, Eden or Loratodin.
It is important! Antihistamines and anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal drugs should not be used externally.
Burned out in the sun – how to smear if there are no pharmaceutical preparations
How to get rid of sunburn when there is no special tool in the first aid kit. You can use some folk recipes. Their preparation will take a minimum of time.
Wet wipe. A universal method for treating sunburn. You must use a napkin that does not contain fragrances. It is removed as soon as it dries. This procedure moisturizes and reduces discomfort.
Ice. It is strictly forbidden to place the cold directly on the burn site; it is placed at a distance of 5 cm from the damaged area. As a result, swelling, inflammation disappears, and discomfort decreases. This technique is effective only for minor burns.
Egg white is rubbed into the burn, when it dries, the procedure can be repeated. As a result, pain is reduced.
Dairy products. A technique that has been tested by more than one generation – kefir is applied to the burnt area (you can use yogurt or sour cream). Care must be taken that the product does not dry out. Thus, discomfort and inflammation can be reduced.
Watermelon juice. Not sure how to remove redness when your face is burnt in the sun? Use watermelon juice. It is necessary to soak a napkin with juice and apply in the form of compresses. The procedure removes redness and prevents infection.
Herbal compresses. For cooking, you need mint and nettle inflorescences. A tablespoon of crushed raw materials is poured with half a liter of boiling water, cooled. The soft tissue is moistened in the infusion and applied to the lesion. The technique neutralizes itching, redness, effectively cools the skin.
Cucumber. It is enough to cut the vegetable into pieces and apply to the affected area.
Soda solution. Dissolve a tablespoon of baking soda in a glass of cool, purified water. You can make soda compresses with the solution. This method eliminates puffiness, discomfort, inflammation.
Fresh root vegetables. Raw potatoes, pumpkin, or carrots work well. The root vegetable is grated (you can grind it with a blender), the gruel is applied to the source of discomfort. The compress eliminates discomfort, neutralizes pain, itching.
What not to do if a person is sunburned
There are cases when the burn mark is at first glance insignificant, but as a result of improper treatment, the recovery and restoration period of the dermis increases.
Good to know! How much sunburn disappears – often, full recovery occurs after two weeks. With the illiterate use of drugs, incorrectly selected therapy, it will take much longer to recover.
In order not to harm a person and alleviate the symptoms of burns, you need to know how to provide assistance, and – which absolutely must not be done.
Apply ice to damaged areas. At first glance, ice seems to relieve pain. This is true, but at the same time it damages the dermis, resulting in tissue death. Also, ice compresses should not be applied to the burn.
Wash the burn with soap and use a brush. In addition to soap, you cannot use cosmetics containing alkali. To alleviate the condition, a cool shower is enough.
Use products containing alcohol. Alcohol preparations injure the skin, increasing the thermal effect.
To do procedures with petroleum jelly, oily creams. Such products form a film that prevents skin circulation. As a result, the skin continues to heat up.
Make urinary compresses. Unfortunately, despite the large selection of drugs in the pharmacy, and effective methods based on centuries of observation, there are still people who welcome the principles of urine therapy. It is strictly forbidden to treat burns with urine, as you can infect an infection.
Drink alcohol, coffee and tea. They dehydrate the body.
Continue to stay in the sun. Even if you have a simple, minor burn, and the condition does not cause concern, you cannot continue to sunbathe. It is better to refrain from visiting the beach for several days. Otherwise, the condition will worsen dramatically.
Piercing blisters. This method is dangerous for possible infection.
Not a single person is immune from sunburn. Doctors strongly recommend not to rely on the protective functions of the body, but to help it fight wounds. First of all, use a cream so as not to burn out in the sun – this is the best prevention. If preventive measures do not help, contact the pharmacy, use folk methods. So the healing process will take place as quickly as possible. Now you know what to do if you burned out in the sun, we are sure that you will have only positive impressions of your vacation on the seashore.